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Ecotoxicological characterization of waste

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The Directive on hazardous waste 91/689/EEC names 14 criteria for the characterization of hazardous wastes. For the definition of the criterion H14 there are, so far, no measuring procedures and/or corresponding indications adapted to the substrate "waste". With the approaches described in this study the criterion H14 is manifestly and economically defined, and a comprehensible waste classification into the category hazardous or non-hazardous, depending on their ecotoxicological effect, is made possible. A literature study conducted in this context (LfU 2004) documents the current state of research and the developments in the area of ecotoxicological waste characterization in view of the suitability for the enforcement, in particular, within the course of the European standard development.